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Tisha B'Av

17 & 18 July 2021

8 & 9 Av 5781

This year, we need Tisha B’Av more than ever. We need to recognise and sit with everything that is broken. Everything that needs to be repaired. Everything we have lost. We need to make space to understand it all. Only then can we rise for another 364 days of actively making our world a better place.

 

Tisha B'Av is a 25-hour experience which, this year, begins at sunset on Shabbos and finishes at stars out on Sunday.

The Tisha B'Av experience has two dimensions to it. One is the aspect of mourning. In this, we are guided by the laws of sitting shiva, because that, in a sense, is what we are doing. We are mourning a broken world; a world filled with suffering, an unredeemed world, a world in which Hashem's presence is obscured and many feel distant from Him. In particular, we are sitting shiva for the tragedies of Jewish history – the destruction of the First and Second Temple, the pogroms, the Holocaust – which are an expression of the brokenness of this world.

The laws of Tisha B'Av put us in the right space to mourn. Like the laws of sitting shiva, they include: no washing, no applying oils or perfumes, no wearing of leather shoes, no marital relations and we sit on a low chair (within 30 centimetres of the ground). Just as we do not greet mourners, we do not greet each other on Tisha B'Av. Just as mourners cannot learn Torah, as it brings joy to our lives, we, too, refrain from learning Torah on Tisha B’Av – except for that which relates to Tisha B'Av and to the ideas of confronting human suffering in this world.

The second element of Tisha B'Av is the fast. We don't eat and drink from sunset until stars out (which includes even the last bit of Shabbos this year). The fast has nothing to do with mourning (mourners are allowed to eat). Fasting is about repentance. It is a form of spiritual purification and a means to spiritual upliftment. (It is for this reason that we fast on Yom Kippur, a Yom Tov.)

Remember to always consult with your doctor and your rabbi if you have any medical concerns regarding fasting.

Fasting is a catalyst for self-improvement and self-reflection, and for refocusing our priorities. On Tisha B’Av, we focus on how to deepen our faith in Hashem and our connection to Him. We give thought on how to improve our interpersonal relationships, on rectifying what our sages describe as “senseless hatred”, which, they teach us, led to the destruction of the Second Temple. In particular, we reflect on how we can improve the way we speak to and about others, treat others with respect and dignity, and refrain from speaking lashon hora – speaking negatively about them. 

 

This year, Tisha B'Av begins on Saturday night and runs throughout Sunday, so some of the laws of Tisha B'Av come into effect on Shabbos.

Even so, we do not observe the laws of mourning until the stars are out and Shabbos is over. Our mourning begins at stars out, after Shabbos.

Our process of mourning takes effect on Saturday night, and is observed until nightfall on Sunday, though the intensity of the mourning lifts somewhat at midday (Johannesburg (12:14), Cape Town (12:52), Durban (12:02) East London (12:14) and Port Elizabeth (12:24)). At this point, we are permitted to sit on a normal chair, and men put on their tallis and tefillin for mincha. These are not worn earlier in the day as a sign of the more intense mourning. Tefillin, in particular, is referred to in the Torah as our “glory”, and on Tisha B’Av, at least until midday, that glory is absent.

These two dimensions of Tisha B'Av – mourning and repentance – combine to make it an immersive and potentially transformative experience. It is so important to maximise this opportunity for personal growth, and we should plan the day accordingly – filling the time with meaningful things to read and to watch, and taking time out to think and reflect. In this way we can, paradoxically, draw strength and comfort from the day, and position ourselves for real positive change in the build-up to Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

In terms of the basic davening of the day – on the night of Tisha B'Av, and again the next morning, we read Eicha, authored by the Prophet Jeremiah at the time of the destruction of the First Temple. It expresses the horrific suffering that generation experienced, but also the pain of the exile that followed, and which engulfs us to this day.

 

Fascinatingly, we omit the solemn supplicatory prayer of Tachanun on Tisha B’Av, just as we do on festivals. Our sages explain that although Tisha B'Av is a day of mourning, it also has a festive element to it, because it has within it the seeds of redemption – indeed, we have a tradition that Tisha B'Av will be instrumental in the coming of Mashiach and the Final Redemption.

That is the extraordinary dichotomy of the day. On Tisha B’Av, we mourn the broken state of the world – and then we assert our power to fix it by fixing ourselves. We fast to show that we are not passive victims in a turbulent world, but active players in transforming ourselves, and through that, fixing the world.

Important Times

17 & 18 July 2021

8 & 9 Av 5781

 

This year, Tisha B'Av begins on Saturday night and runs throughout Sunday, so some of the laws of Tisha B'Av come into effect on Shabbos.

The fast begins at sunset on Shabbos.

 

Even so, we do not observe the laws of mourning until the stars are out and Shabbos is over. 

Our mourning begins at stars out, after Shabbos.

The intensity of the mourning lifts somewhat at midday on Sunday.

CITY
FAST STARTS
MOURNING STARTS
MIDDAY TIMES
FAST ENDS
JOHANNESBURG
17:31
18:08
12:14
17:59
CAPE TOWN
17:54
18:33
12:52
18:24
DURBAN
17:12
17:50
12:02
17:41
EAST LONDON
17:18
17:57
12:14
17:48
PORT ELIZABETH
17:25
18:04
12:24
17:55

Events Listing

17 & 18 July 2021

8 & 9 Av 5781

 
SATURDAY 17 JULY

Here is a list of some online programming and activities. See here for more information.

Organisation
Event Title
Presenter
Link
Meeting ID
Password
Notes
Time
Great Park Synagogue
Maariv Zoom Session
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
18:15
Ohr Somayach
Ma'ariv
-
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
18:15
Great Park Synagogue
Maariv
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
18:15
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Welcome & Maariv
Rabbi Friedman
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
18:15
Ohr Somayach
Ma'ariv
-
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
18:15
Great Park Synagogue
Reading of Eicha - Lamentations, Kinot
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
18:25
Great Park Synagogue
Reading of Eicha - Lamentations, Kinot
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
18:25
Ohr Somayach
Eicha
Rav Auerbach shlita
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
18:30
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Introduction to Eicha
Rabbi Altman
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
18:30
The Base
An introduction to Tisha B’Av
Rabbi Aharon Zulberg
Event Link
-
-
-
18:30
Ohr Somayach
Eicha
Rav Auerbach shlita
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
18:30
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Recitation of Eicha followed by Evening Kinot
Rabbis & Community Members
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
18:40
Ohr Savoy
Eichah & Kinnos
-
Event Link
830 101 0748
OhrSavoy
-
18:40
Beit Midrash Morasha
Ma'ariv & Havdalah
-
Event Link
-
-
-
18:45
Beit Midrash Morasha
Ma'ariv & Havdalah
-
Event Link
-
-
-
18:45
Edenvale Jewish Community
Eicha
Rabbi Gruzd
Event Link
648 769 2388
Edenvale
-
18:45
The Base
Eicha
Rabbi Daniel Sobel
Event Link
-
-
-
18:50
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Carin Marcus
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Lori Chipkin
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Rabbi Avtzon
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
Great Park Synagogue
Faith in time of anxiety
Rabbi YY Jacobson
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
19:00
Ohr Somayach
Ma'ariv eicha reading & Kinnos
Rabbi Ramon Widmonte
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Calli Rosin
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Brad Milwidsky
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
Ohr Somayach
Ma'ariv eicha reading & Kinnos
Rabbi Ramon Widmonte
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
19:00
Pine Street Shul
The Book of Eicha
Ian Bogatie
Event Link
922 139 3270
754292
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Rabbi Avtzon
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Carin Marcus
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Calli Rosin
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
Great Park Synagogue
Faith in time of anxiety
Rabbi YY Jacobson
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Lori Chipkin
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
SAUJS - Linkshul
Overcoming Adversity
Brad Milwidsky
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
Aish South Africa
Reading of Eicha
Avi Niselow
Event Link
-
-
-
19:00
Beit Midrash Morasha
Eicha and Talks and multimedia presentation
Community Members
Event Link
-
-
-
19:15
Beit Midrash Morasha
Eicha and Talks and multimedia presentation
Community Members
Event Link
-
-
-
19:15
Ohr Somayach
Is the Churban the Source of all of Our Troubles?
Rabbi Glatstein
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
19:30
The Base
The 9th of Av, The Back Story
Rabbi Ken Spiro
Event Link
-
-
-
19:30
Ohr Somayach
Is the Churban the Source of all of Our Troubles?
Rabbi Glatstein
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
19:30
Chabad of Sandton
The Story of Jerusalem's Holy Temple
Rabbi Alex Carlebach & Rabbi Yossie Hecht
Event Link
-
-
-
19:30
Constantia Hebrew Congregation
The Reading of Eicha (Lamentations)
Rabbi Kalman Green
Event Link
773 1384 9873
ZUT8GF
In conjunction with the Benoni Hebrew Congregation
19:30
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Tisha B'Av Programme
-
Event Link
-
-
-
19:45
The Base
Holocaust Survivor - in conversation with Rob Katz and Tali Nates
Zigi Shipper
Event Link
-
-
-
20:30
Ohr Somayach
Shiur on Kamtza Bar Kamtza
Rav Auerbach shlita
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
20:45
Ohr Somayach
Shiur on Kamtza Bar Kamtza
Rav Auerbach shlita
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
20:45
SUNDAY 18 JULY

Here is a list of some online programming and activities. See here for more information.

Organisation
Event Title
Presenter
Link
Meeting ID
Password
Notes
Time
Pine Street Shul
Kinnot
Rabbi Steven Weil
Event Link
-
-
-
Pine Street Shul
Kinnot
Rabbi Yitzchak Breitowitz
Event Link
-
-
-
Pine Street Shul
Kinnot
Rabbi Steven Weil
Event Link
-
-
-
Ohr Somayach
Shacharit
-
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
07:45
Ohr Somayach
Shacharit
-
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
07:45
Beit Midrash Morasha
Shacharit
-
Event Link
-
-
-
08:00
Great Park Synagogue
Shacharit Zoom Session
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
No Tallis and Tefillin
08:00
Beit Midrash Morasha
Shacharit
-
Event Link
-
-
-
08:00
Great Park Synagogue
Shacharit Zoom Session
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
No Tallis and Tefillin
08:00
Ohr Somayach
Kinos
Rav Auerbach shlita
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
08:30
Great Park Synagogue
Kinot
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
08:30
Ohr Somayach
Kinos
Rav Auerbach shlita
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
08:30
Ohr Savoy
Kinnos
-
Event Link
830 101 0748
OhrSavoy
-
08:30
Great Park Synagogue
Kinot
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
08:30
Cape Town Unity
Rebuilding the temple with baseless love
Chief Rabbi & The Cape Town Rabbis
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
09:00
Beit Midrash Morasha
Cape Town Jewish Community Kinnot
-
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
09:00
Cape Town Unity
Rebuilding the temple with baseless love
Chief Rabbi Goldstein & the Cape Town Rabbis
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
09:00
Beit Midrash Morasha
Cape Town jewish community kinnot
-
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
09:00
The Base
Kinnot
Rabbi Aharon Zulberg
Event Link
-
-
-
09:00
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Kinot
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
09:15
SA Rabbinical Association
Tisha B'Av Unity Event
Rabbi Yosef Elefant
Event Link
-
-
-
10:00
Ohr Somayach
Tisha B'Av Unity Event. Maggid Shiur, Yeshivas Mir
Rabbi Yosef Elefant
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
10:00
Ohr Savoy
Webinar
Rabbi Elephant
Event Link
-
-
-
10:00
The Base
Tisha B'av - An Authentic Expression
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Blachman
Event Link
-
-
-
10:00
Ohr Somayach
Tisha B'Av Unity Event. Maggid Shiur, Yeshivas Mir
Rabbi Yosef Elefant
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
10:00
SA Rabbinical Association
Tisha B'Av Unity Event
Rabbi Yosef Elefant
Event Link
-
-
-
10:00
Beit Midrash Morasha
Processing grief and loss
Sarit Swisa
Event Link
-
-
-
10:30
Beit Midrash Morasha
Processing grief and loss
Sarit Swisa
Event Link
-
-
-
10:30
The Base
Understanding the afflictions of Tisha B'Av
Rabbi Ze'ev Leff
Event Link
-
-
-
10:45
Ohr Somayach
We Don't Know What We're Missing - finding hope in the hopelessness.
Rabbi Daniel Fine
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
11:00
Clarewyn Shul (CWEST)
21 Lessons for Tisha B'Av in the 21st century
Rav Ramon Widmonte
Event Link
834 9640 3187
cwhc
-
11:00
Ohr Somayach
We Don't Know What We're Missing - finding hope in the hopelessness
Rabbi Daniel Fine
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
Seed Educator and author of The Interactive Family Parshah Book
11:00
Clarewyn Shul (CWEST)
21 Lessons for Tisha B'Av in the 21st century
Rav Ramon Widmonte
Event Link
834 9640 3187
cwhc
-
11:00
The Base
Why Mourning In The Afternoon Is Lighter
Rabbi Dr Akiva Tatz
Event Link
-
-
-
11:00
Aish South Africa
Keep Calm and Carry On
Rabbi Kauffman
Event Link
-
-
-
11:00
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Shiur
Rabbi Milston
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
11:00
The Base
Why Are We In Exile For Over 2500 Years
Rabbi Shmuel Moffson
Event Link
-
-
-
11:15
Beit Midrash Morasha
Multimedia and shiurim
-
Event Link
-
-
-
11:30
Beit Midrash Morasha
Multimedia and shiurim
-
Event Link
-
-
-
11:30
The Base
The Journey Of Tisha B'Av
Rabbi Aharon Zulberg
Event Link
-
-
-
11:50
Ohr Somayach
Surviving Terror | Embracing Hope
Mrs Rochelle Cowan
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
Women Only
12:00
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Horim Veyeladim
Rabbi Friedman
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
Parents and Children Learning (ages 3-11)
12:00
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Veshinantam
Rabbi Altman
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
Parents and Children Learning (ages 12-18)
12:00
Ohr Somayach
Surviving Terror Embracing Hope
Mrs Rochelle Cowan
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
Survivor Of 2003 Café Hillel Terror Attack [Women Only]
12:00
Aish South Africa
Project Inspire Film: Iron Faith
-
Event Link
-
-
-
12:15
The Base
How do we move forward when we never seem get it right?
Rabbi Rael Blumenthal
Event Link
-
-
-
12:30
Ohr Somayach
Almonds & Eggs, The Shape of Nechomo. JLE London
Rabbi Dov Cowan
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
-
13:00
Ohr Somayach
Almonds & Eggs, The Shape of Nechomo
Rabbi Dov Cowan
Event Link
432 170 6650
1234
JLE London
13:00
The Base
The Worst Enemy of the Jews
Rabbi Yaakov Trump
Event Link
-
-
-
13:15
Ohr Somayach
Rebuilding Jerusalem - Kids interactive program
Drama Llama Jess
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
14:00
Ohr Somayach
Rebuilding Jerusalem - Kids interactive program
Drama Llama Jess
Event Link
952 301 5761
Rejewvin8
-
14:00
Pine Street Shul
The Story of Tisha Be’av and the destruction of Jerusalem in the Gemorrah
Rabbi David Shaw
Event Link
-
Join in with Sandton Shul
14:00
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Live Tour of The Old City
Jonty Blackman
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
14:30
The Base
The Unique Power of Tisha B'Av
Rabbi Avigdor Blumenau
Event Link
-
-
-
14:45
Ohr Savoy
Chofetz Chaim Heritage
-
Event Link
-
-
-
15:00
The Base
The Temple - What Are We Missing
Rabbi Allan Zulberg
Event Link
-
-
-
15:20
Ohr Somayach
Building a ruin
Rabbi Avigdor Brazil
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
16:00
Umhlanga Jewish Centre
Tisha B'Av
Chief Rabbi Goldstein, Rabbi Zekry, Susan Abro
Event Link
-
-
-
16:00
Ohr Somayach
Building a ruin
Rabbi Avigdor Brazil
Event Link
4321706650
1234
-
16:00
Pine Street Shul
Is Judaism meaningful only in terms of a vanished heyday?
Rabbi Ramon Widmonte
Event Link
-
-
16:00
The Base
A Day of Tragedy
Rabbi Ken Spiro
Event Link
-
-
-
16:20
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Mincha
-
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
Tallit and Tephillin
17:00
Great Park Synagogue
Mincha Zoom Session
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
With Tallis and Tefillin
17:15
Great Park Synagogue
Mincha Zoom Session
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
With Tallis and Tefillin
17:15
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Concluding Sicha
Rosh Yeshiva Rabbi Taylor
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
17:15
The Base
Mincha
Daven Together With Communal Tehillim
Event Link
-
-
Men - Tefillin And Tallis
17:20
Beit Midrash Morasha
Mincha followed by Ma'ariv
-
Event Link
-
-
-
17:30
Beit Midrash Morasha
Mincha followed by Ma'ariv
-
Event Link
-
-
-
17:30
The Base
Rabbi Shmuel Moffson
-
Event Link
-
-
-
17:35
Great Park Synagogue
Maariv Zoom Session
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
17:45
Great Park Synagogue
Maariv
-
Event Link
694 106 3670
613
-
17:45
The Base
Rabbi Aharon Zulberg
-
Event Link
-
-
-
17:45
Yeshiva Mizrachi
Maariv
-
Event Link
999 613 1818
1818
-
18:00
 

Resources

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For collating this comprehensive list, we would like to thank Rabbi Yossi Chaikin

Chairman, SA Rabbinical Association